I am Dr. Sushil Rudra from Durgapur West Bengal, India . This blog is for the people of India , its culture, literature , and the religious beliefs etc . I’m to blog is for shouting for the demands of the underprivileged society and the people whose are deprived by the ruling government. And also to write for their demands as well as solving the problems.
Life And Dreams In Poetry
My Dream’s Bird is absolutely my own We can’t live in this world without dreams From childhood to gray days Dreams come and dreams go Sometimes it’s daydream, sometime nightmare with tremendous shocking , yet I play with these unrealistic games, Never getting any fruitful solution Running into the darkened mist .
Let fly in the sky your dreaming bird Don’t captivate your small desires in your secret chamber, don’t afraid of walking through the dark forest or deep sea , Or climbing at peak of high mountain Always be firm and steady in your journey Whatever the consequence it’s , So don’t stop to enjoy dreams as life is too much uncertain why do you not enjoy it.
Kalpatoru Sri RamakrishnaI am Dr.Sushil Rudra from West Bengal, India love to write about health and wellness, yoga ,literature. I’,m also a college teacher and have been working more than 37 years .I have written some books. My favorite subjects are Swami Vivekananda and Rabindranath Tagore. I love song and travelling.View my complete profilePowered by Blogger.
” Day after day, O lord of my life, shall I stand before thee face to face. With folded hands, O lord of all worlds, shall I stand before thee face to face.
Under thy great sky in solitude and silence, with humble heart shall I stand before thee face to face.
In this laborious world of thine, tumultuous with toil and with struggle, among hurrying crowds shall I stand before thee face to face.
And when my work shall be done in this world , O kings , alone and speechless shall I stand before thee face to face. ” – Gitanjali by Rabindranath Tagore . 76 No Song .
JESUS AS SEEN BY SWAMI VIVEKANANDA
We, Indian regard Jesus Christ as son of God. Hindus worship Sri Krishna as God, not the son of God. There’s a similarly in sound when we pronounce both the words – Krishna and Krista. However , we know Jesus as a Prophet like Muhammadand Sree Ramkrishna. Thakur Sree Ramkrishna used to listen Bible. He has been practiced all the rituals of Christianity for three days like Islamic rituals. Even Swami Vivekananda’s lifehas to be seen similar toJesus Christ.
Mother Teresa served the downtrodden people of slums for a long time in Kolkata . When she was awarded Nobel peace prize for her selfless service to mankind , that specialevening she reciteda lineof a poem when she wasasked, “What is your message in this joyful day?”She replied in Bengali withsoft voice : ” Jibe prem kare jei Jan , Sei jan sebiche iswar .( He/she who loves jiba , he/she serves to God).
Having heard it, we became surprised! Woh !This is the utterance of Swami Vivekananda . OneCatholic Saint is uttering this very familiar lines in this joyous moment. Then it’s seemed that all the faces of crowd are becoming blurred andavery knownvibrantface is drifting before my eyes.
Obviously, we notice a similarity between the two spiritual godfather. And we find a deep connection of Swami Vivekananda’s life with Jesus and Christianity. Narendra Nath’s magnanimous father,Biswanath Duttausedto read egarly Bible. Narendra Nath was a vigorous reader from his childhood days. He has read Ramayana Mahabharata, Bhagabatandalso listened the stories of all these books from his mother and grandmother in his childhood days. Perhaps he might read the Bible also .
Narendra Nath was admitted to Presidency College in 1880 . He had to leave this college after one year because of malaria – attack. Having cured he took admission in General Assembly College( now Scottish ChurchCollegeand in 1884 he became graduate from there. That time it’s a provision to read Bible as compulsory subject. So I think he reads it in between the two lines. Secondly, he was a student of philosophy. So it’s natural for a student of philosophy to read the life and religion of Jesus Christ.
Being learnt from his college Principal Hesty Saheb during discussion of state of trance in the poem”Excursion”that a priest of Dakhineshwarhas experienced such a state of trance, Narendra Nath visited several times before initiation of monkhood. He came to know about Sree Ramkrishna deeply. Guru Sree Ramkrishna says to his desciples that he isChaitanya Abotar.And also says that how a divine light from Christ has beenentered into his body.
JESUS & SRI RAMKRISHNA
To Swami Vivekananda (then Narendra Nath) , Sri Ramakrishna is an Indian Christ , or the younger brother of Christ.
Since 1881 – 1886 , during this period Naren’s mind has been changed. He has become urnest devoteee of His master, Sri Ramakrishna. Not only that, He is being enriched with the spiritual advices of Master came very nearer to Him. He has been realised that Sri Ramakrishna is an incarnation of Rama , Krishna and also of Sri Chaitanya.
Here I will tell two incidents which we see in the Gospel of Sri Ramakrishna. First one took place in 1885 , 31 October. Sri M dipicted the picture in the book as he listened to and learnt that day from Sri Ramakrishna and His devotees.
It’s about 11 am in the morning. .. He was talking to Christian devotee named Mishra. Mishra was born of a Christian family in northwestern India…. He was thirty five years old. Though clad in European dress he wore the ochre of a Sannyasi under his foreign clothes. Two of his brothers had died on the day fixed for the marriage of one of them , and on that very day Mishra had renounced the world.
Mishra: ” Jesus is not the son of Mary , Jesus is God himself. ( To the devotees) Now he ( pointing to Sri Ramakrishna) is as you see him him again. He is God himself. You are not able to recognize him. I have seen him before, in vision, though I see him now directly with my eyes. I saw a garden where he was seated on a raised seat . Another person was seated on the ground, but he was not so far advanced.”
Master: ” Do you see visions ?
Mishra: ” Sir , even when I lived at home I used to see light. Then I had a vision of Jesus. How can I describe that beauty ? How significant is the beauty of a woman compared with that beauty !”
After a while Misra took off his trousers and showed the devotees the Gerua loin – cloth that he wore underneath. …
As he uttered these words he went into samadhi. He stood facing the West. Regaining partial consciousness , he fixed his gaze on Misra and began to laugh . Stillin anecstaticmood, he shook hand with him and laughed again . Taking him by the hands , he said , ” You will get what you are seeking .”
Misra: ( With folded hands) ” Since that day I have surrendered to you my mind , soul , and body .”
Sri Ramakrishna was laughing , still in an ecstatic mood.
Sri M thought : Is Sri Ramakrishna and Jesus same !
Paul Brunton, in his book ‘ A search in Secret India ‘ writes about Sri M’s realization about Jesus in Sri Ramakrishna.
He asked Sri M : How do you come to know about Jesus Christ and Bible so profoundly and meteculously, when he has listened discussion of Bible from ‘M . Having heard it, ‘Mrepliedwith gentle voice: We have been staying in a same room with Him. We see ChristinHim like other incarnations.
Bruntonbecame astonished listening it. Naren too realized the same about Jesus in Sri Ramakrishna.
Now I will give a pen picture of the second incident. It took place in the very first Math ( monk center) in Taki’s Munshi’s home. In a reminiscences, we see that there is a picture of Jesus with other incarnations hanging on the wall of a room in this Math . It’s a picture of crusified Jesus.
Sri ‘Minformed that there continued meditation, Japa ( counting secret spiritual mantra), Bhajan& Kirtana along with discussionof spiritual scripts. They used to read and discuss about Sri Ramakrishna, Acharya Shankara, Ramanuja and Jesus Christ.
There’s another incident which took place after 2/3 months of inception of Math. Swamiji’s Gurubhai, Babulal mother’s Matangini Devi requested her son to return home and spend there in Autpur some days along with Naren . When this news exposed , then all of his guru – brothers became companion and reached at Autpur. There they took outh that they would lead a life of renunciation. One evening they fumigated the incense – pot and sat around all the brothers in meditation. After the end of it , Naren began to discuss about the life of Jesus Christ. Specially , it’s the incident of Jesus renunciation. He also mentioned that they would spread in the world as an apostle the life of Sri Ramakrishna and His Gospel.
It’s saying in Bible :” From earth you came , to the earth you will return.” In fact, we are the sons of the soil. We are borne from the earth , and finally returned to earth.
SOUL IS ETERNAL :
But the soul is eternal , ageless and deathless. Come and go , birth and death is the compulsive to human being and other animals. Where there’s a birth , there is also a death. But the soul is immoral.
PURANA : SELF – KNOWLEDGE:
Beginning and ending is not a feature of soul. It’s neither birth, nor death. Soul is eternal, perennial. It’s told Purana . It’s self – knowledge or metaphysicalknowledge. It’s true nature or essence of the soul.
Na Hanyate hanyamane sarire :
This theory of knowledge is the gift of Hindu religion. We believe it with heart and soul – “na hanyate hanyamane sarire”. You can kill me , but I will not die . You can hurt me, wound me physically, but I must not die.
AN ANECDOTE :
There’s an anecdote . Alexander, the great, once told an Indian yogi to be accompanied with him and trying to influence by offering some valuable gifts . The yogi told him, “Sir, I have no need of money and wealth.” He did not agree to go with him. Lastly, Alexander tried to threatening him to death. Yogi , having listened it , laughed loudly. Replied that you are making an untruthful words. It’s absolutely ireasonable . You could never killme. Perhaps you talked so many false words in your life, but this is such an absurdand untrue speech which you never pronounced. You couldn’t kill me, never. You have no power to kill me.
NOINANG CHIDDANTISASTRNI :
He said to him, ” we believe in soul. What is soul? “Noinang chiddanti sastrni”. You can’t cut it out of swords, not kill it, “noinang dahoti pavakah”.You can’t burnt it. na choinang kledoanti aapo – can’t wet it with water ” na sosoti maruth ” – wind can’t dry it . Acheddya ayam – you won’t cut it . “Adajha ayam” – not to burnit . ” Akledyah”, “asossyah” – this is eternal soul. ” Nittyah sarbogatah” – it’s universal, it’s everywhere. It’s within you, and within me .
SOUL : BEYOND MIND :
He is everywhere, in great, in small. He is unmoveble – “sthanu”. Sthanu achalo Sanatana.This is our soul. ” Aboktyah” it can’t be described in language. ” Achintah” – it’s beyond speech and mind. Nor can we thought it or imagine . “Avikaryah – not it changes. ” Tasmadevang bidittyah – this is the soul . If you realise it, then ” nanusochitum ahorsi” – you must not think of grief and sorrow for your work . In this way , Lord Krishna tring to console dejected Arjuna.
I ASK for a moment’s indulgence to sit by thy side / The works that I have in hand I will finish/ afterwards.
Away from the sight of thy face my heart 💖 /knows no rest not respite, and my work becomes / an endless toil in a shoreless sea of toil .
To-daythe summer has come at my window/ with its sighs and murmurs; and the bees are/ playing their minstrelsy at the court of the flowering/ grove .
Now it is time to sit quiet, face to face with/ thee , andto sing dedication of life in this silent/ and overwhelming leisure.
– Gitanjali by Rabindranath Tagore
Rabindranath Tagore desires to sit face to face with God . And here Arjuna stands in front of the Lord having dejected . The cause of his dejection was that he couldn’t fight against his kith and kins . Arjun says:
” Na ca sreyah anupasyami hatva svaanam ahave / Na kamkse vijayam krsna na ca najyam sukhani”. CA 1.31
I feel, O Lord , it’sno good / killing in the battle my own men / I do not crave for victory / Or for worldly pleasures or domain. Next Arjuna says :
” Kim nah rajena govinda Kim bhogaih jivitena va / Yesam arthe kamksitam nah rajyam bhogah sukhani. CA. 1.32
yuddhe pranan tyaktva dhanani ca Acaryah pitarah putrah tTa ime avasthitahatha eva ca pitamahah 1.33
Arjun has been trying to give reasons against the war. He is saying : What is the use of kingdom or keeping alive? What’s the use of hankering after pleasures when the very persons for whom they’re sought . My uncle, sons, grandfather and teachers . Arjun told : ” I find no reason to be engaged in this useless strife. I don’t wish to kill them, even if my life is at stake.
Etan na hantum Icchami ghnatah api Mashusudan; Api troilokya- rajyasya hetoh Kim nu mahikrte.1:32 – 1:34
I’m sure that we can not be happy even if we destroy the sons of Dhrtaradtra , our enemies. Sin will definitely accrue to us. Although it’s known they have committed the vilest felonies.
We must not therefore, kill the kauravas . They’re our very own men. So killing our close kith and kins we can’t attain happiness. They’re not aware of the sin of killing kindred and friends and charmedby avarice and greed . But why should we , being aware of the consequences not staying away from such kind of heinous deed ?
THE RULE ONE : THE PATH OF KNOWLEDGE
” Gnothi Seauton ( Greek) Or Nosce Teipsum ( Latin) In English: Know Yourself”.
Bhagavan Sri Krishna realises that Arjuna’s depressive state of mind is due to his improper knowledge of life and existence, and He starts teaching Arjuna the truth about the nature of our temporal existence and its ultimate consequence. Being a great Teacher ( or Doctor) He knows that only antidote of this depressive mind istrue knowledge.
Naturally He cracks the issue at the first module explaining to Arjuna the truth about life in order to dispel Arjuna’s powerful ignorance about the truth of existence. He resorts to a shortcut method first by admonishing Arjuna for His dejection at this crucial hour and for his reluctance to take part in the battle, and advices Him to shake off cowardice and rise to the occasion.
Get rid of this mean ( cowardice) weakness, as it’s the time the act now. The wise do not mourn either for the gone or for those that are living. It’s noticeable that Bhwagavan Sri Krishna clarifies first Arjuna’s concept of death as the conclusive phenomenon of existence is incorrect for the soul. Because the soul of a man is beyond the cycle of birth and death and is imperishable, and that it’s the body that is born and that does perish.
Na jayate na mriyate va kadacit nayam bhutva – abhavita va na bhuyah; / Ajo nityah sasvatah ayan purano na hanyate hanyamane sarire. 2:20
The body is sure to perish , but not the soul. In KathaUpanishad, there’s a similar verse . ( 1:2:18)
To be continued ..
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Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore is a versatile writer . He wrote a lot in Bengali language and also in English. In every literary types he was not only great , but pioneer also. In India we find none so great like him as a Poet , or as an author. I am writing this article about this eminent author of Bengali literature . As I am a student and also a teacher of literature, I will try my best to furnish here about Tagore’s song which according to him as the best of his creation.
Kalidas & Rabindranath :
Rabindranath is a poet and his creation in art and literature is enormous . No one is as stupendously talented as Taɡore . It will not be sufficient to praise to him that he is the all time best writer in Indian literature . I am speakinɡ it rememberinɡ Kalidas and other poets. Kalidas undoubtedly the best in Sanskrit literature , but like Rabindranath he was not a fabulous writer . Taɡore wrote a lot in every branch of literature. It is true that Rabindranath was hiɡhly influenced by Kalidas and other Sanskrit writers.
Nineteenth century Bengali literature & Tagore :
Madhusudan and Bankim Chandra Chattopaddhay , was his precedinɡ authors, but Madhusudan wrote epic and some dramas , on the contrary , Bankim was the pioneer of novel. Rabindranath was a multitalented distinɡuished author who wrote 4000 thousands poems , 2500 thousands sonɡs , 200 hundred short stories , 18 novels, 35 dramas, essays and paintinɡs.
According to W. B. Yeats :
The noted British poet, W.B.Yeats remarked in the introduction of Taɡore’s Sonɡ Offerinɡs , :” We have other poets , but none that are his equal ; we call this the epoch of Rabindranath. No poet seems to me as famous in Europe as he is amonɡ us . He is as ɡreat in music as in poetry , and his sonɡs are sunɡ from the west of India into Burmah wherever Benɡali is spoken” . Yeats was then famous in the West . And he collected all the informations about Taɡore. So , he aɡain wrote , ” He was already famous at nineteen when he wrote his first novel ; and plays , written when he was but little older , are still played in Calcutta. I so much admire the completeness of his life ; when he was very younɡ he wrote much of natural objects .” I shall discuss about these poems which are ulmately sonɡs, written in Bengali mostly offering to God .
‘Ɡitanjali’ or Sonɡ Offerinɡs is a collection of 157 poems which was published in 1910 . Rabindranath called it as a sonɡ, not poem. These are all Dhrupad Sanɡit . Toɡore composed so many sonɡs other than Ɡitanjali . He started writinɡ the sonɡs of Ɡitanjali at the aɡe of 45 and it ended after five years when the poet was at the aɡe 49. Rabindranath was a romantic poet. He did not follow the path of Mychael Madhusudan Dutt who wrote epic . He walks in the path of lyrics.
WilliomRothenstain, a British Painter and scholar came India and beinɡ invited by Abanindranath Taɡore visited Jorasanko Thakurbari . There he became aquinted with Toɡore . That time, Taɡore was not famous in India. When Rothenstine came to know that Rabindranath Taɡore is a poet he told Rabindranath if there is any need in future , Taɡore could meet him. In future, this relation turned into ɡreat friendship. When afterwords, Rabindranath visited Enɡland alonɡ with the translation of Ɡitanjali, Rothenstine made all arranɡement to introduce him and his poems with the Western intellectuals. And with their endeavour Taɡore’s poem collection “Ɡitanjali” was forwarded to the Swish Nobel Commitee and Taɡore was selected for the prestiɡious Nobel Prize.
How did Taɡore influence the Europian poet ʔ Yeats confessed it in the introduction of the book -“Ɡitanjali”. He wrote : ” I have carried the manuscript of these translations about with me for days, readinɡ it in railway trains, or on the top of omnibuses and in restaurants, and I have often had to close it lest some stranɡer would see how much it moved me.”
In fact, these lyrics was an oriɡinal in content, full of subtlety of rhythm, of untranslatable delicious of colour, of metrical invention, display a philosophical thouɡht which was need of the time in western mind. These sonɡs are same with the reliɡion , which is our Indian practice.Here poetry and reliɡion are the same thinɡ, has passed throuɡh the centuries, ɡatherinɡ from learned and unlearned mataphor and emotion, and carried back aɡain to the multitude the thouɡht of the scholar and of the noble.
Practically all the aspirations of mankind are in his hymns. In every sphere of life as well as emotions and feelinɡs, his lyrics stand beside, and the companion of joy and woe .
Rabindranath Taɡore , like Chaucer’s forerunners, writes music for his words, and one understands at every moment that he is so abundant, so spontaneous , so darinɡ in his passion, so full of surprise , because he is doinɡ somethinɡ which has never seemed stranɡe,unnatural ,or in need of defence.
Today we are going to celebrate his 159 birth anniversary who thought, who wrote and did various types of activities for the betterment of the people. When everything is under lock down due to Corona pandemic , his birth anniversary can be executed through his motto of life and the service he started for the upliftment of the common people .
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