This is Rudra-i-Jurnal is a page of an experienced man who has been going through a series of events during his lifetime. And that series of events will be presented here for the development of the personality and bold determination. Moreover, you will be experienced a boosting vibration in your competition whichever it may be.

Students might get their answers to questions in any subject. The job-seekers also find here various solutions. Regular news and general knowledge can be had here for their competition.

I’m Dr Sushil Rudra, a veteran teacher. Did my Ph.D from the University of Calcutta. I authored some books and published in Kolkata. My hobby is writing a blog, travelling and singing.

Any suggestion is cordially accepted for the improvement of this i-journal


Myself, my spouse and daughter

Welcome to my blog. My dear friends, After a small interval , I am in my blog again to inform you about my silence during two or three weeks in this new year. I was very busy in my professional life as well as in my personal life. Now I am free to some extent. I would have been continuing my favourite habit ” blogging” with utmost care and importance.

But not here in this . From today you please come and check my WordPress. org blogsite “http://www.

It’s my pleasure if you support me and read my blog as before. My humble Namasker, Love and respect to all my friends.



Purity is Strength


Swami Vivekananda is regarded as the architect of Modern India . He wanted to reshape his motherland, India and called his countrymen : Come, be men ! come out of your narrow holes and have a look aboard. See how nations are on the march ! Do you love man ? Do you love your country? Thus come, let us struggle for higher and better things , look not back , no , not even if you see the dearest and nearest cry . Look , not back , but forward ! “

In fact , he felt deeply for the poor and for the distressed . He also noticed the miserable condition of the women of India . A Kuli of western country is more educated than our common people. Most of the American women are educated. Having seen it in America, Vivekananda decided to impart women education in India. He has been profoundly grateful to the Western women who came forward to implement his dream. He took this service as a God’s wish. In a letter he expressed this through his vibrant words. He writes:

Be of good cheer and believe that we are selected by the Lord to do great things and we will do them. Hold yourself in readiness, ie. be pure and holy , and love for love’s sake . Love the poor, the miserable, the downtrodden and the Lord will bless you.”

SWAMI VIVEKANANDA’S DREAM     He died at  the age of 39 in 1902 . It’s true that he was then young . If we compare his age with the cricket player Mr. Dhoni who recently retired from the Indian team , former Indian cricket skipper . Dhoni , most probably, has been retired from playing at the age of 39 years old. So his death was very early , but he did a lot for his countrymen within this period . That’s a time when communication , media and modern gadgets were not available. Only a few newspapers were being published as the source of getting information . So we couldn’t able to learn about incidents what used to happen in his time in the world. Despite,  we have come to know about Swamiji’s untiring struggle to fulfill his goals in the West as well as in India. We are now remembering his outstanding activities . But actually we’re lagging behind in progress of our country in all respects . We could not able to attain the dream what he dreamt of for his motherland. 

First of all , Swami Vivekananda wanted to see a vibrant India . During his travel throughout India by walking he noticed the poverty – stricken mass of India. They were ignorant people, the women whose were exploited by the priest and the heads of the community. He looked into this miserable condition of the society , prejudices, fanatism and corruption. Swamiji’s life is connected with his motherland. So his untiring effort was to remove all these barriers drawbacks of India. He wanted to transform this situation with the aid of spiritual ideals of Ancient India. His struggle was to awaken the ignorant and prejudice – affected  people of the society and to be freed from this situation.  That time our people have lost their self respect and inherent power. To awaken self respect and self – power as well as self – confidence he had a plan . He wanted to  make a new India where no man is being unfed and untaught. He emphasized in spreading the true education where the ancient Indian education  and western science and technology oriented curriculum will be imparted to the students. But we couldn’t implement his dream in our education curriculum. Our education neither gives us a suitable job nor we learn to be a honest man. It’s needed to be amalgamation both of the two – Indian spiritual and moral and character building education along with the western science and technology oriented curriculum. Then we could have a total education. Without science and technology we can’t survive and not be able to progress, without spiritual and physical education we can’t be enlightened

Secondly, in this connection we remember Swamiji’s famous saying, ” Man – making is my motto . ” To him , True education and true religion is the same. He thus expressed his thoughtful opinion about it. He told in this respect that ” Education is the manifestation of the perfection already in man” and again he said about religion that Religion is the manifestation of the innerself already in man. In fact , ultimate goal of the life is same which we can get from education and at the same time from religion. Education can help us to regain our self power, and self – confidence. Still it’s very very important criteria to make us a perfect man. 

Fourthly, Our political party leaders, administrators , even judiciary, the BSF, the Doctors , the teachers are not working according to Swamiji’s teaching. Everywhere is corruption . Police is always heading down to the political party , mainly ruling party. Leaders are running towards powers and honour. They’re mostly opportunists . From big to small , are connected with the scams. Procastination is in judiciary and that’s why they’re not properly punished , or judgement is delayed . Farmers and labourers are being deprived compelled to suiside. Some dishonest Fode are also responsible for that . Swami Vivekananda didn’t want this circumstances . Pure commodities are not available in the market . Doctors are not sympathetic to the patients . They have lost their ethics . Swami ji said: Service to man is service to God. It’s not found in our society. We have given the name of the college, school, hospitals or locality of any place by the name of Swami Vivekananda , but it’s not sufficient to give him respect . We should have to follow his path . We must have to implement his dream .

Thirdly,  Swami Vivekananda noticed the society of other countries and experienced a lot about it. One of his letter to Shankarlal he writes : ” We must see how the engine of the society works in other countries and keep free and open communication with what is going on in the mind of other nations , if we really want to be a nation again.” He noticed during his travel to West in Ship the life and activities of the people of some other countries. China is expert in trades and businesses. He wrote: ” All labour, all trade seemed to be in their hands. Comparetively, his country , India was to some extent lagging behind in this respect . That’s why, he repeatedly told young generation to be engaged in business. Indian government at present is inspiring to the new generation to take initiative in business and trade . MSME is now a central government program for which Bank loan is to be given to the projects. But I think it has gone futile because of Bank’s procastination and goodwill . So Government agency should look after the matter and remove all these barriers so that unemployment problem can be solved . Unemployment is a tremendous problem of our country. It’s the burning need of the time . So , being sympathised , government and other NGOs should come forward to solve this challenge . Every man should be given food and lodging . Government is trying to meet up it through housing project , NGOs are trying to provide foods and clothing. But that’s not sufficient

Swami Vivekananda was a Sanyasin but his spirit was like a soldier. His renunciation was to service the mankind. He expressed his thoughts in a lecture:

“The longest night seems to be passing away, the sorest trouble seems to be coming to an end at last, the seeming corpse appears to be awaking and a voice is coming to us — away back where history and even tradition fails to peep into the gloom of the past, coming down from there, reflected as it were from peak to peak of the infinite Himalaya of knowledge, and of love, and of work, India, this motherland of ours — a voice is coming unto us, gentle, firm, and yet unmistakable in its utterances, and is gaining volume as days pass by, and behold, the sleeper is awakening! Like a breeze from the Himalayas, it is bringing life into the almost dead bones and muscles, the lethargy is passing away, and only the blind cannot see, or the perverted will not see, that she is awakening, this motherland of ours, from her deep long sleep. None can desist her anymore; never is she going to sleep anymore; no outward powers can hold her back any more; for the infinite giant is rising to her feet.” These words from Swamiji were like a thunder amidst the prevailing obscurity on this part of the globe and incidentally these were spoken on 25th January, 1897, just a couple of days after the Netaji was born.

We are going to celebrate 125 years birthday of another great son of India on 23 January who was an ardent devotee of Swami Vivekananda. Netaji Subhash followed his path to get free from British rule and upkeeping our country and sacrificed his life , giving up all material aspirations.

Fourthly, Swami Vivekananda preached universal religion throughout the world . He told us not to underrate any other sects, creeds or religious beliefs , but to respect every religion , as the truth is same in every religion. Holiness, purity , kindness and generosity are not the property of any single religion. In this connection, we can excerpt from the lecture of former president of America, Barack Obama . He expressed his admiration here :

” Instead of succumbing to division, you have shown that the strength of India – the very idea of India – is its essence of all colours , castes and creeds . It’s the diversity represented in this chamber today. It’s the richness of faiths celebrated by a visitor to my hometown of Chicago more than a century ago – the renowned Swami Vivekananda. He said that , ” holiness, purity and charity are not the exclusive possessions of any church in the world, and that every system has produced men and women of the most exalted character.”

Subhash Chandra Bose considered Vivekananda as his spiritual Guru . He called Vivekananda a ” full blooded masculine personality – and a fighter to the core of being .” I think His call to the nation will not be futile . The light he ignited shall never stop to spread out in the society . Today his birthday , we must take outh that we shall try our best to follow his path and to implement his desires and dreams which are still not fulfilled .

SWAMI VIVEKANANDA : THE LIGHTSwami ji influenced so many people of East and West . Common man to aristocrate, all the people took shelter on his sympathetic lap . In India , he is regarded as a super genius , a godly man . He has inspired massively to the freedom fighters who sacrificed their lives for the independence of the country . Vivekananda tought them to love and respect India as Mother. First of all , I am to write about his patriotic heart. He is the only one who has tried his best efforts to change the weak minds into a strong one . He told : Weakness is death and strength is life. Now you only worship of the God who is in distress, your motherland. Keep aside rest God and Goddesses.  Secondly, Swami Vivekananda’s life is deeply concerned with his motherland, India. 


Dr. Sushil Rudra

I’m not a Poet or author , but like to write in my leisure time. Perhaps I write for my personal interest as I have been doing a job where regular activities are to discuss literature and linguistic with the students as well as teaching professionals. I authored 12 books mainly pertaining to research work about literature. Now I am trying to write for the betterment of the trouble affected people . Please read and comment if it’s helpful to you. – S. Rudra


I desire to live in this world, it’s my sweet home. Never I want this world to be a very small like seed or a fruit Amloki . I want a world which would spread Certainly I would get found my world. Oh my world, please extent yourself, expand unto Brahmah and the whole Universe , spread up to endless sky or the entire spaces, near and far . Let My world be eternal, endless and beyond geographical , World ! Oh my dear World, don’t be contracted, nor narrow hearted , and me, rather being small and more smaller would wrap you and hug you with utmost care.

Journey Never stop

You become big and I stay small like your obedient child , only for looking into your magistry I would be very soft like a bunch of silk very soft and formless , if I get a little alert , being rolled up like a Murshidabad silk ,try to enter into the circle of the ring with a gentle coursey .

The World Is Very Big , It Can Not Be Small like Pond . It’s so old that never been lost.


Cassipur Uddan Bari . This the place where Sri Ramakrishna became Kalpataru.
Cassipur Bati
Side view of Cassipur Uddan Bati

Kalpataru Sri Ramakrishna :1st January, 2021

From midnight 12 am , New Year 2021 starts its journey for the next 365 days until it reaches another New Year of 2022. At present all most all the official works and activities are maintained according to English Calendar. But there is another event we also regard it with great respect, that’s Kalpataru Sri Ramakrishna Diwas .


From monthly salary to grocery store the accounts and transactions are made following to English Calendar. So we enjoy the new year day as a holiday. British Government ruled out our country more than 2 hundred years.

We used to follow up with their culture and tradition since then . If we try our best to remove all these practices from our lives , it will not be proper as per our own Indian tradition.

Because , we have been made accommodation in our ways to living with all the diversities which we had to face in course of our journey generation after generation.


Foreign rulers invaded our country and established here and gradually they’re becoming our own neighborhood. We have been accustomed to their culture and practices.

Aryan came here first , then Shak , Hun ,Pathan, Mughol and lastly English ruled out country. We became united. There’s no other way than mingling with them. Humanist Poet, Rabindranath Tagore wrote in a poem ” Bharattirtha” :

Eso he Arya , eso anarya , eso he Dravid Chin / Shak Hun Dall Pathan Mughol Aek Dehe Holo Leen.” ( Come Aryan, come non – Aryan , come Dravid Chin , Shak Hun Dall Pathan Mughol United in a one body. )


One poet remarks: ” East and West shall never meet.” But in this case, I mean, about New Years Festival , we are not conservative at all. We are celebrating this fest with full of joy and merriment. But it’s not our matter of discourse . Today is a memorable day in the history of Sri Ramakrishna spiritual movement and Ramkrishna Mission .


1 st January is regarded as Kalpataru Day by the devotees and followers of Ramkrishna Mission and Math . It’s celebrated in all centers of Math and Mission in India and in the Vedanta centers of out side of India.

What is the significance of Kalpataru Utsav or festival ? Why it’s sacred day?


1st January, is regarded by millions of his household devotees as Kalpataru Day because it was on this day in 1886 that Sri Ramakrishna showered on a select few who had gathered in the Cassipore Garden House, his wish fulfilling blessings.

From that momentous day onwards the day has come to be observed in Kalpataru Day, the day when the great Guru reappears, as it were, to bliss his disciples year after year.

Now Kalpataru Day has become as sacred as his birthday when devotees throng the Ramkrishna Maths the world over to pay their obeisance and seek his blessings, again and again.

It’s true that His followers believe that Sri Ramakrishna revealed himself to be an Avatar or God Incarnate on earth. It’s classified as one of the “Lords special festivals by the followers of Sri Ramakrishna.

The first January, 1886 Kalpataru Day, was an event of unusual consequence and meaning in the life of Ramkrishna and His followers.


Ramkrishna was suffering from throat cancer at that time, and his health was declining. He and His closest followers had moved to garden house in the northern Kolkata neighborhood of Cassipore.

1 st January was relatively good day for Him. He took a walk in the garden. There He asked one of His followers, Girish ( a great drama writer and poet of Bengali literature) , a question He had often asked before, ” Who do you say that I am? “.

Girish replied that he believed that Ramkrishna was ‘God Incarnate’ , come to earth out of mercy for mankind.’

Ramkrishna then replied, ” What more shall I say ? May you be awakened. Ramkrishna then entered an ” ecstatic state ” and began touching all of His followers present there.


Those He touched reported experiencing a variety of new states of consciousness , including vivid visions. For one Vaikuntha, the visions persisted and interfered with daily life, so that he feared that he might be going insane.

Another disciple, Sri Ramchandra Dutta, explained that Ramkrishna had in effect become Kalpataru, the wish fulfilling tree of Sanskrit literature and Hindu mythology. Datta named the commomoration of this mystical event ” Kalpataru Day” as a result.

The event carried meanings and memories of cosmic import for the disciples and also prepared them for Ramkrishna’s death , which occurred only a few months later, on 16 August, 1886 .

So , Our new years celebration is something different from others. We regard this first day of every new year worshipping Bhagawan Sri Ramakrishna.

We pray to Him . This year we, along with the members of Vivekananda Vani Prochar Somity went to visit two interior village of Tribals to distribute blanket and lunches to the poor tribal folks. In Kalpataru Sri Ramakrishna Diwas it is our duty to serve the poor as Shiva. So we did . They’re very poor . We spent some time with them. And after getting Prosad ( lunch), we returned home.

This was a very interesting events which we enjoyed today.

Hope my readers have to spend a pleasant day. Happy new year to you all. Stay healthy and be peaceful. Kalpataru Sri Ramkrishna will bless us with a delightful life.


Repentance inLife: Repentance in life is the activity of reviewing one’s actions and feeling contrition or regret for past wrongs . It is accompanied by commitment to and actual actions that show and prove a change for the better. In Judaism and Christianity it is often defined as an action, turning away from self-serving activities and turning to God, to walk in his ways. MODERN TIMES & REPENTANCE : In modern times, it is generally seen as involving a commitment to personal change and the resolve to live a more responsible and humane life. In other words, it’s a feeling s of repentance for one’s misdeeds. It can also involve sorrow over a specific sin or series of sins that an individual feels guilt over, or conviction that he or she has committed. The practice of repentance plays an important role in the soteriological doctrines of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Analogous practices have been found in other world religions as well. In religious contexts, it often involves an act of confession to God or to a spiritual elder (such as a monk or priest). This confession might include an admission of guilt, a promise or intent not to repeat the offense, an attempt to make restitution for the wrong, or in some way reverse the harmful effects of the wrong where possible.

Crucified Jesus is the mark of suffering which we have to face in this materialistic world. Bhagavan Sri Krishna died on account of curse , Sri Chaitanya was tortured by the pandas ( the Brahmins of Puri Mandir) , Sri Ramachandra was exiled by Dasaratha  for 14 years as His father was being promised by His step mother. Lord Buddha left His Kingship and its comforts and took renunciation having learnt that this worldly life of pleasures are of temporal. All the incarnations of God had to face so many hurdles and sufferings in order to be shown the battle in life . To overcome this battle, you have to shelter in the  God and walk forward according to the direction and the way they told.

Repentance is a mental state of a man who did wrong or spent his or her days in worldly possessions, affairs, being forgot the supreme being. Vidyapati , a Vaisnav Poet and Saint wrote in a poem : ” Aadhah Janamo ham nide gangaulu / jara sishu katodin gela / Nidhubone ramoni rasorange matalu / tohe bhajobo kon Bela.” And lastly he said: “Bhanoe Vidyapati, Shes shamono bhoi / Tua bina goti nahi aara.”

We see here the repentance of a Vaisnav Poet.

Crucified Jesus is the mark of suffering which we have to face in this materialistic world. Bhagavan Sri Krishna died on account of curse , Sri Chaitanya was tortured by the pandas ( the Brahmins of Puri Mandir) , Sri Ramachandra was exiled by Dasaratha for 14 years as His father was being promised by His step mother. Lord Buddha left His Kingship and its comforts and took renunciation having l🤩

Jesus Christ

Repentance is a mental state of a man who did wrong or spent his or her days in worldly possessions, affairs, being forgot the supreme being. Vidyapati , a Vaisnav Poet and Saint wrote in a poem : ” Aadhah Janamo ham nide gangaulu / jara sishu katodin gela / Nidhubone ramoni rasorange matalu / tohe bhajobo kon Bela.” And lastly he said: “Bhanoe Vidyapati, Shes shamono bhoi / Tua bina goti nahi aara.”

We see here the repentance of a Vaisnav Poet.


Lord Jesus
Sacrifice of Jesus Christ

Merry Christmas

” Day after day, O lord of my life, shall I stand before thee face to face. With folded hands, O lord of all worlds, shall I stand before thee face to face.

Under thy great sky in solitude and silence, with humble heart shall I stand before thee face to face.

In this laborious world of thine, tumultuous with toil and with struggle, among hurrying crowds shall I stand before thee face to face.

And when my work shall be done in this world , O kings , alone and speechless shall I stand before thee face to face. ” – Gitanjali by Rabindranath Tagore . 76 No Song .


Mother Mery

We, Indian regard Jesus Christ as son of God. Hindus worship Sri Krishna as God, not the son of God. There’s a similarly in sound when we pronounce both the words – Krishna and Krista. However , we know Jesus as a Prophet like Muhammad and Sree Ramkrishna. Thakur Sree Ramkrishna used to listen Bible. He has been practiced all the rituals of Christianity for three days like Islamic rituals. Even Swami Vivekananda’s life has to be seen similar to Jesus Christ.

Mother Teresa served the downtrodden people of slums for a long time in Kolkata . When she was awarded Nobel peace prize for her selfless service to mankind , that special evening she recited a line of a poem when she was asked, “ What is your message in this joyful day?” She replied in Bengali with soft voice :Jibe prem kare jei Jan , Sei jan sebiche iswar .( He/she who loves jiba , he/she serves to God).

Having heard it, we became surprised! Woh !This is the utterance of Swami Vivekananda . One Catholic Saint is uttering this very familiar lines in this joyous moment. Then it’s seemed that all the faces of crowd are becoming blurred and a very known vibrant face is drifting before my eyes.

Obviously, we notice a similarity between the two spiritual godfather. And we find a deep connection of Swami Vivekananda’s life with Jesus and Christianity. Narendra Nath’s magnanimous father, Biswanath Dutta used to read egarly Bible. Narendra Nath was a vigorous reader from his childhood days. He has read Ramayana Mahabharata, Bhagabat and also listened the stories of all these books from his mother and grandmother in his childhood days. Perhaps he might read the Bible also .

Narendra Nath was admitted to Presidency College in 1880 . He had to leave this college after one year because of malaria – attack. Having cured he took admission in General Assembly College( now Scottish Church College and in 1884 he became graduate from there. That time it’s a provision to read Bible as compulsory subject. So I think he reads it in between the two lines. Secondly, he was a student of philosophy. So it’s natural for a student of philosophy to read the life and religion of Jesus Christ.

Being learnt from his college Principal Hesty Saheb during discussion of state of trance in the poem”Excursion” that a priest of Dakhineshwar has experienced such a state of trance, Narendra Nath visited several times before initiation of monkhood. He came to know about Sree Ramkrishna deeply. Guru Sree Ramkrishna says to his desciples that he is Chaitanya Abotar. And also says that how a divine light from Christ has been entered into his body.


To Swami Vivekananda (then Narendra Nath) , Sri Ramakrishna is an Indian Christ , or the younger brother of Christ.

Since 1881 – 1886 , during this period Naren’s mind has been changed. He has become urnest devoteee of His master, Sri Ramakrishna. Not only that, He is being enriched with the spiritual advices of Master came very nearer to Him. He has been realised that Sri Ramakrishna is an incarnation of Rama , Krishna and also of Sri Chaitanya.

Here I will tell two incidents which we see in the Gospel of Sri Ramakrishna. First one took place in 1885 , 31 October. Sri M dipicted the picture in the book as he listened to and learnt that day from Sri Ramakrishna and His devotees.

It’s about 11 am in the morning. .. He was talking to Christian devotee named Mishra. Mishra was born of a Christian family in northwestern India…. He was thirty five years old. Though clad in European dress he wore the ochre of a Sannyasi under his foreign clothes. Two of his brothers had died on the day fixed for the marriage of one of them , and on that very day Mishra had renounced the world.

Mishra: ” Jesus is not the son of Mary , Jesus is God himself. ( To the devotees) Now he ( pointing to Sri Ramakrishna) is as you see him him again. He is God himself. You are not able to recognize him. I have seen him before, in vision, though I see him now directly with my eyes. I saw a garden where he was seated on a raised seat . Another person was seated on the ground, but he was not so far advanced.”

Master: ” Do you see visions ?

Mishra: ” Sir , even when I lived at home I used to see light. Then I had a vision of Jesus. How can I describe that beauty ? How significant is the beauty of a woman compared with that beauty !”

After a while Misra took off his trousers and showed the devotees the Gerua loin – cloth that he wore underneath. …

As he uttered these words he went into samadhi. He stood facing the West. Regaining partial consciousness , he fixed his gaze on Misra and began to laugh . Still in an ecstatic mood, he shook hand with him and laughed again . Taking him by the hands , he said , ” You will get what you are seeking .”

Misra: ( With folded hands) ” Since that day I have surrendered to you my mind , soul , and body .”

Sri Ramakrishna was laughing , still in an ecstatic mood.

Sri M thought : Is Sri Ramakrishna and Jesus same !

Paul Brunton, in his book ‘ A search in Secret India ‘ writes about Sri M’s realization about Jesus in Sri Ramakrishna.

He asked Sri M : How do you come to know about Jesus Christ and Bible so profoundly and meteculously, when he has listened discussion of Bible from ‘M . Having heard it, ‘M replied with gentle voice: We have been staying in a same room with Him. We see Christ in Him like other incarnations.

Brunton became astonished listening it. Naren too realized the same about Jesus in Sri Ramakrishna.

Now I will give a pen picture of the second incident. It took place in the very first Math ( monk center) in Taki’s Munshi’s home. In a reminiscences, we see that there is a picture of Jesus with other incarnations hanging on the wall of a room in this Math . It’s a picture of crusified Jesus.

Sri ‘M informed that there continued meditation, Japa ( counting secret spiritual mantra), Bhajan & Kirtana along with discussion of spiritual scripts. They used to read and discuss about Sri Ramakrishna, Acharya Shankara, Ramanuja and Jesus Christ.

There’s another incident which took place after 2/3 months of inception of Math. Swamiji’s Gurubhai, Babulal mother’s Matangini Devi requested her son to return home and spend there in Autpur some days along with Naren . When this news exposed , then all of his guru – brothers became companion and reached at Autpur. There they took outh that they would lead a life of renunciation. One evening they fumigated the incense – pot and sat around all the brothers in meditation. After the end of it , Naren began to discuss about the life of Jesus Christ. Specially , it’s the incident of Jesus renunciation. He also mentioned that they would spread in the world as an apostle the life of Sri Ramakrishna and His Gospel.

To be continued




It’s saying in Bible :” From earth you came , to the earth you will return.” In fact, we are the sons of the soil. We are borne from the earth , and finally returned to earth.


But the soul is eternal , ageless and deathless. Come and go , birth and death is the compulsive to human being and other animals. Where there’s a birth , there is also a death. But the soul is immoral.


Beginning and ending is not a feature of soul. It’s neither birth, nor death. Soul is eternal, perennial. It’s told Purana . It’s self – knowledge or metaphysical knowledge. It’s true nature or essence of the soul.

Na Hanyate hanyamane sarire :

This theory of knowledge is the gift of Hindu religion. We believe it with heart and soul – “na hanyate hanyamane sarire”. You can kill me , but I will not die . You can hurt me, wound me physically, but I must not die.


There’s an anecdote . Alexander, the great, once told an Indian yogi to be accompanied with him and trying to influence by offering some valuable gifts . The yogi told him, “Sir, I have no need of money and wealth.” He did not agree to go with him. Lastly, Alexander tried to threatening him to death. Yogi , having listened it , laughed loudly. Replied that you are making an untruthful words. It’s absolutely ireasonable . You could never kill me. Perhaps you talked so many false words in your life, but this is such an absurd and untrue speech which you never pronounced. You couldn’t kill me, never. You have no power to kill me.


He said to him, ” we believe in soul. What is soul? “Noinang chiddanti sastrni”. You can’t cut it out of swords, not kill it, “noinang dahoti pavakah”. You can’t burnt it. na choinang kledoanti aapo can’t wet it with water ” na sosoti maruth ” – wind can’t dry it . Acheddya ayam – you won’t cut it . “Adajha ayam”not to burn it . ” Akledyah”, “asossyah” – this is eternal soul. ” Nittyah sarbogatah” – it’s universal, it’s everywhere. It’s within you, and within me .


He is everywhere, in great, in small. He is unmoveble – “sthanu”. Sthanu achalo Sanatana. This is our soul. ” Aboktyah” it can’t be described in language. ” Achintah” – it’s beyond speech and mind. Nor can we thought it or imagine . “Avikaryah – not it changes. ” Tasmadevang bidittyah – this is the soul . If you realise it, then ” nanusochitum ahorsi” – you must not think of grief and sorrow for your work . In this way , Lord Krishna tring to console dejected Arjuna.



I ASK for a moment’s indulgence to sit by thy side / The works that I have in hand I will finish/ afterwards.

Away from the sight of thy face my heart 💖 /knows no rest not respite, and my work becomes / an endless toil in a shoreless sea of toil .

To-day the summer has come at my window/ with its sighs and murmurs; and the bees are/ playing their minstrelsy at the court of the flowering/ grove .

Now it is time to sit quiet, face to face with/ thee , and to sing dedication of life in this silent/ and overwhelming leisure.

– Gitanjali by Rabindranath Tagore

Rabindranath Tagore desires to sit face to face with God . And here Arjuna stands in front of the Lord having dejected . The cause of his dejection was that he couldn’t fight against his kith and kins . Arjun says:

” Na ca sreyah anupasyami hatva svaanam ahave / Na kamkse vijayam krsna na ca najyam sukhani”. CA 1.31

I feel, O Lord , it’s no good / killing in the battle my own men / I do not crave for victory / Or for worldly pleasures or domain. Next Arjuna says :

Kim nah rajena govinda Kim bhogaih jivitena va / Yesam arthe kamksitam nah rajyam bhogah sukhani. CA. 1.32

yuddhe pranan tyaktva dhanani ca Acaryah pitarah putrah tTa ime avasthitahatha eva ca pitamahah 1.33

Matulah svsurah poutrah syalah sambandhinah tatha . 1:34


Arjun has been trying to give reasons against the war. He is saying : What is the use of kingdom or keeping alive? What’s the use of hankering after pleasures when the very persons for whom they’re sought . My uncle, sons, grandfather and teachers . Arjun told : ” I find no reason to be engaged in this useless strife. I don’t wish to kill them, even if my life is at stake.

Etan na hantum Icchami ghnatah api Mashusudan; Api troilokya- rajyasya hetoh Kim nu mahikrte.1:32 – 1:34

I’m sure that we can not be happy even if we destroy the sons of Dhrtaradtra , our enemies. Sin will definitely accrue to us. Although it’s known they have committed the vilest felonies.

Tasmat na arha vayam hantum Dhrtaradtran svabandhavan; Svajanam hi katham hatva sukhinah syama Madhava.1:37

We must not therefore, kill the kauravas . They’re our very own men. So killing our close kith and kins we can’t attain happiness. They’re not aware of the sin of killing kindred and friends and charmed by avarice and greed . But why should we , being aware of the consequences not staying away from such kind of heinous deed ?


Gnothi Seauton ( Greek) Or Nosce Teipsum ( Latin) In English: Know Yourself”.

Bhagavan Sri Krishna realises that Arjuna’s depressive state of mind is due to his improper knowledge of life and existence, and He starts teaching Arjuna the truth about the nature of our temporal existence and its ultimate consequence. Being a great Teacher ( or Doctor) He knows that only antidote of this depressive mind is true knowledge .

Naturally He cracks the issue at the first module explaining to Arjuna the truth about life in order to dispel Arjuna’s powerful ignorance about the truth of existence. He resorts to a shortcut method first by admonishing Arjuna for His dejection at this crucial hour and for his reluctance to take part in the battle, and advices Him to shake off cowardice and rise to the occasion.

Klaibyam masma Gamah Partha na etat tvayi upapadyate ;/ Ksudram hrdaya daurbalysm tyaktva uttistha parantapa. 2:13

Get rid of this mean ( cowardice) weakness, as it’s the time the act now. The wise do not mourn either for the gone or for those that are living. It’s noticeable that Bhwagavan Sri Krishna clarifies first Arjuna’s concept of death as the conclusive phenomenon of existence is incorrect for the soul. Because the soul of a man is beyond the cycle of birth and death and is imperishable, and that it’s the body that is born and that does perish.

Na jayate na mriyate va kadacit nayam bhutva – abhavita va na bhuyah; / Ajo nityah sasvatah ayan purano na hanyate hanyamane sarire. 2:20

The body is sure to perish , but not the soul. In Katha Upanishad , there’s a similar verse . ( 1:2:18)

To be continued ..

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Path to Moksha ( Salvation)

Both the Photos are of Devi Durga. First photo of Durga is with a raped lady indicates that how they’re tortured by our demonic people. It’s drawn by my daughter, Sumedha

Mukang Karoti Vachalam Pongung langhaote Girim Tat KripaTamohanVande ParomanandaMadhavam – Gita

” Day after day, O lord of my life, shall I stand before thee face to face. With folded hands , O lord of all worlds, shall I stand before thee face to face.

Under thy great sky in solitude and silence , with humble heart shall I stand before thee face to face.

In this laborious world of the tumultuous with toil and with struggle, among hurrying crowds shall I stand before thee face to face.

And when my work shall be done in this world , O King of kings , alone and speechless shall I stand before thee face to face. ” –

Rabindranath Tagore

We are going to discuss about some rules which are to be strictly followed by the people who are interested in searching for light and to divinity already within us . If we think seriously about our spiritual life keeping aloof worldly activities , we couldn’t able to continue to practice or performing puja to God as we are not a monk .


Being a common man we can’t spend all the time in practicing the worship of God . It’s our utmost tendency to make ends meet for our family . We generally think that it’s not possible for a man to practice worship during our earthly activities .

We have to work for our livelihood . But at the same time we have to continue our spiritual growth through our regular works . According to practical Vedanta , each and every work is the Puja of God . If we seriously perform it , then we are worshiping the God , all works are to be meant for the service of God .


Here I shall tell an anecdote which I have experienced in my student life. I was then the student of the University of Calcutta , pursuing Post graduation. Generally Saturday and Sunday were our holidays. Occasionally I used to visit Narendrapur Ramkrishna Mission at Narendrapur near Kolkata ( then Calcutta) . There stayed my Emiritus Professor in Karmi Bhawan. Swami Lokesharananda was then the Secretary of the mission .


One Sunday, at 8.30 am in the morning I reached there . While I was taking my tiffin in dining room , a senior man was also there . I came to know that his son recently has joined as a Bramhachari in Ramkrishna order. Coming here he noticed that his son is busy to cutting a big pumpkin in the kitchen. After a while , he went to Secretary Maharaj and said ,

Swamiji, why my son is cutting vegetables here ? If he wishes to do it , can do it in his home . Why it’s needed to becoming a monk ? ” Swami Lokeshwaranandaji smilingly replied :

Yes , he could . But here all the Monks & Brahmhcharis are working in the name of God. Some are teaching in schools and colleges , some are providing medicine to the poor people, some are busy with the farming and they’re doing all these activities with meticulously as a service to God . They left their home for renunciation.

” Atmano mokhsartam Jagat Dhitai cha “. So their ultimate goal is to serve the larger humanity . Life is nothing but a platform for struggle . We have to fight here , but we forget this being wrapped in with the glistening to the worldly pleasures.


According to Swami Vivekananda , life is all about struggle. From beginning to end – it’s an endless and continuous struggle of a being against circumstances tending to press it down ‘. This unending struggle, this incessant battle is what Swami Vivekananda characterizes as the ” divine worship”. In his poem ” And Let Shyama Dance There ” he wrote about this struggle :


Unceasing battle is indeed the worship of the Divine (Mother Kali) . / Let not continuous defeat in this battle unnerve thee all./ Pulverised, pounded be all selfcenterness ,/ base cravings and vain self – esteem. / The heart be thus made the cremation ground; / And let Shyama Dance There.

* Read my another post on the ” And Let Shyama Dance There” poem where I have elaborately expressed this .

Tagore’s song of ‘Geetanjali‘ I quoted at the beginning is significantly speaks similar to Swamiji’s conception about life .

So how can we overcome all these hurdles?

We should think that the battle of Kurukhetra is obviously a historical incident which was held in the field of Kurukhetra in between Pandabas And Kauraba . Its have a historical values , but at the same time, it has a deep significant in our lives- journey.


In course of our life journey we have been always battling against the evils , selfcenterness, negativity , greediness, and hundreds of like this. It’s a tough battle . This battle has been consistently and continuously going on within our conscience between good and evil.

So, how could we fight against this ? What should be our strategy ?

Sree Krishna preached in Gita when Arjun denied to fight against his relatives

Oshsrupurnakulekhanam’ – Arjun in deep grief and melancholy – Bishwidantam ‘. Sribhagobanubacho:

Kutasthwa Kashmalmidang Biswame Somupasthitam” –

kashmal means sin , cowardness , weakness . Our religion never shelter weakness. Never indulge cowardness . Sri krishna asks to Arjun , why are you repenting ? – ‘Bisame Somupasthitam‘ . Just it’s ( battle) beginning and in the eve of it , you are repenting ! Anauryajusthamsargam “. – it’s not appropriate to a warrior . Anarya means ignorance . Arya means civilized , sobar , benign , wise and intelligent .

Hi Arjun! You are not unwise , not stupid . He who unwise and stupid, he can refuse to battle . Next inspiring to Arjun, Bhagawan told – ‘Akirtikaram’.

You have a great name as an warrior . If you don’t proceed to fight , your honour, familiarity as a hero would have been wiped out . Why are you annoying to fight ?

” Kloibyang Masyasma Gamah Partha “. – Partha !

Please listen to me, Kloibyang – you don’t indulge weakness, unmanliness, timidity. It’s not proper descision. Noitat To-i Upopoddyote . It’s improper to you. You are a Hero .

Khudrang Hridayadyourbollang Tyaktwya ” –

remove your fear . Kick out all these weakness . You defeated so many great warriors in the battlefield.

” Uttisthato Jaggrato Prappyo Baran Nibedhato “.

Awoke and arise. Let go to fight . “Parantapo” – who got victory against enemies. You have fighted against so many enemies and won the battle. Now why you’re unsteady to face battlefield. This weakness is not praisable. It’s a shame ! It doesn’t fit to you.

Arjun then told : “Rudhio Prodigdhan ” – that means : I don’t want to sit on the King’s throne by dint of bloods .

It’s to be continued