Be yourself; Everyone else is already taken.— Oscar Wilde.
This is the first post on my new blog. I’m just getting this new blog going, so stay tuned for more. Subscribe below to get notified when I post new updates.
Be yourself; Everyone else is already taken.— Oscar Wilde.
This is the first post on my new blog. I’m just getting this new blog going, so stay tuned for more. Subscribe below to get notified when I post new updates.
Sound sleep is the source of energy. There is a saying that sleep well is all well. But we sometimes in our lives have to face sleep deprivation. Perhaps we become worried due to our health or someone near to us. Maybe anxious to have materialistic happiness, but couldn’t accomplish. Mainly anxiety is the root of insomnia. A haphazard lifestyle might cause sleep deprivation. So we can try to know about the need of napping and sleeping .
WHAT IS SLEEP?
” Abhava-pratyaya- alambana-vritti Nidra”
Sleep is a modification of the mind which has the cause of nothingness as its support. ( Yoga Sutra – Samadhipada ) Sleep manifests when there is a preponderance of Tamas. During sleeping, Sattva and Rajas subside and there will be no knowledge of the external world. Some Jogis think that there is a vritti shunya in sleep. But it’s not so.
As there is memory in us when we wake up and say that we slept soundly. We knew nothing. There ought to have been a particular kind of subtle wave in the mind during sleep.
Hence, it should not be understood that sleep is no transformation or vritti of the mind. If it were so, the remembrance: ” We slept well or I slept well” would not follow on waking, for we never remember what we haven’t experienced.
SLEEP IS THE TONIC OF LIFE:
Sleep is the best elixir and tonic of life . Sleep is nature’s tonic to refresh the tired body and mind. Sleep is a state in which the mind rests peacefully. The gets involved into its cause. The vrittis and Vasanas( desires) become dormant or latent. It ceases all its functions. The restless wandering mind gets rest. It’s a natural way of charging the mind with fresh energy and peace by allowing it to rest in its source. Hence, there is a temporary absorption of the mind in its cause during sleep.
An Indian yogi told in this regard that in sleep there is deep Tamas. Tamas overpowers Sattva and Rajas. Udana Vayu draws the Jiva from the waking state and makes it rest in Anandamaya Kosha or causal body.
Eventually, after a deep sleep we enjoy happiness and calm of mind. Get massive energy. Our mind becomes charged with affluent energies. Sleep is a Tamasic state because there is neither activity not awareness. The sleeping man is unconscious of the world outside. Even he has no consciousness of his being asleep.
But it’s a matter of pleasure that during sleep the mind and body change. The body, mind and nerves become vitalised and rendered fit for new activities. Man feels happiness, peace and also gets freedom from all pains and agony in sleep. Therefore, sleep is essential to keep the body and mind healthy and sound.
So without perfect sleep, we can not enjoy sound health of body, mind and nerves. Sleep refreshes and tones the brain and the nerves. Sleep is a balm that soothes the tired nerves and brains. It energises and vivifies the whole body and mind.
NEED OF RELAXATION FOR HEALTHY BODY AND MIND:
The mind and body need relaxation after the lapse of a particular time or after every series of actions done by the physical brain and mental bodies. A sick man is unable to get sound sleep due to his ailments. But if he gets the sleep he is much relieved. Lack of sleep intensifies the disease. The patient feels then as if his disease is aggravated due to sleeplessness. Further, sleeplessness itself is a disease. So sleep is indispensable to all.
” There can be no rainbow without a cloud and storm.”
“Tears and smile make the music of life.”
“Cita cintadwarmodhe cinta naam goriosi/ cita dahoti nirjibang cinta pransamong bopu./ cintajwaro monusanang khudhang nidrang balong haret./rupomutsaho buddhing shring jibitang ca n sangsayo.”
Funeral pyre and worried mind – which is more devastating, if it’s asked, then you can say that worried mind is more fatal than funeral fire. Dead man is to be burnt in a funeral pyre in the Hindu ritual. He or she did not feel pain as and when there is no consciousness in the body and mind.
But worried mind continuously burns one’s sensitive body and mind. It ruins our dreams, our emotions. It stuck and hampers our day to day activities. It mars bit by bit our life. Ultimately, we have to loss our trust in life. We become victim of negative thoughts. Then one is needed to solicitude.
People who are facing a longtime depressive state of mind or disorders in mind, their lives are more painful than death. The worried mental state is a deep-rooted disease. The affected person having lost his or her hunger, strength, sleep, intelligence, and trust in life, turns into a deadly man. Mainly, they like to live in a isolated environment. Again, sometimes they won’t stay alone.
Today’s discussion of the blog is about Solicitude. What is solicitude? How many types of solicitude? What’s its health effects?
Solicitude is a state of seclusion or isolation, i.e., lack of contact with people. It can have both positive and negative effects, depending on the situation. Short-term solitude is often valued as a time when one may work, think or rest without being disturbed. It may be desired for the sake of privacy. Undesirable long-term solicitude may stem from soured relationships, loss of loved ones, deliberate choice, infectious disease, mental disorders, neurological disorders, or circumstances of employment or situation.
A distinction has been made between solicitude and loneliness. In this sense, these two words refer, respectively, to the joy and the pain of being alone.
Symptoms from complete isolation, called sensory deprivation, may include anxiety , sensory illusion, or distortions of time and perception. However, this is the case when there is no stimulation of the sensory systems at all and not just lack of contact with people. Thus, this can be avoided by having other things to keep one’s mind busy.
Long-term solicitude is often seen as undesirable, causing loneliness or reclusion resulting from inability to establish relationships.
Furthermore, it might lead to clinical depression, although some people do not react to it negatively.
Solicitude as a source of Enlightenment :
Others (e.g. monks) regard long-term solicitude as a means of spiritual enlightment. Marooned people have been left in solicitude for years without any report of psychological symptoms afterwards.
Enforced loneliness (solitary confinement) has been a punishment method throughout history. It is often considered a form of torture.
Researchers like Robert J. Coplan and Julie C. Bowker have rejected the notion that solitary practices and solicitude are inherently dysfunctional and undesirable.
In their 2013 book A Handbook of Solitude, the authors note how solicitude can allow for enhancements in self-esteem, generates clarity, and can be highly therapeutic. In the edited work, Coplan and Bowker invite not only fellow psychology colleagues to chime in on this issue, but also a variety of other faculty from different disciplines to address the issue.
Fong’s chapter offers an alternative view on how solidcitude is more than just a personal trajectory for one to take inventory on life. It also yields a variety of important sociological cues that allow the protagonist to navigate through society, even highly politicized societies. In the process, political prisoners in solitary confinement were examined to see how they concluded their views on society. Thus Fong, Coplan, and Bowker conclude that a person’s experienced solicitude generates immanent and personal content as well as collective and sociological content, depending on context.
Two types of effects:
There are both positive and negative psychological effects of solicitude. Much of the time, these effects and longevity are determined by the amount of time a person spends in isolation. The positive effects can range anywhere from more freedom to increased spirituality, while the negative effects are socially depriving and may trigger the onset of mental illness. While positive solicitude is often desired, negative solicitude is often involuntary or undesired at the time it occurs.
Freedom is considered to be one of the benefits of solicitude; the constraints of others will not have any effect on a person who is spending time in solicitude, therefore giving the person more latitude in their actions. With increased freedom, a person’s choices are less likely to be affected by exchanges with others.
A person’s creativity can be sparked when given freedom. Solicitude can increase freedom and moreover, freedom from distractions has the potential to spark creativity. In 1994, psychologist Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi found that adolescents who cannot bear to be alone often stop enhancing creative talents.
Another proven benefit to time given in solicitude is the development of the self. When a person spends time in solitude from others, they may experience changes to their self-concept. This can also help a person to form or discover their identity without any outside distractions.
Solicitude also provides time for contemplation, growth in personal spirituality, and self-examination. In these situations, loneliness can be avoided as long as the person in solitude knows that they have meaningful relations with others.
Negative effects have been observed in prisoners. The behavior of prisoners who spend extensive time in solitude may worsen. Solicitude can trigger physiological responses that increase health risks.
Negative effects of solicitude may also depend on age. Elementary age school children who experience frequent solitude may react negatively. This is largely because often, solicitude at this age is not something chosen by the child. Solicitude in elementary-age children may occur when they are unsure of how to interact socially with others so they prefer to be alone, causing shyness or social rejection.
While teenagers are more likely to feel lonely or unhappy when not around others, they are also more likely to have a more enjoyable experience with others if they have had time alone first.
However, teenagers who frequently spend time alone do not have as good a global adjustment as those who balance their time of solitude with their social time.
Howard Pyle’s 19th century illustration of a maroonedpirate.
Solicitude does not necessarily entail feelings of loneliness, and maybe one’s the sole source of genuine pleasure for those who choose it with deliberate intent. Some individuals seek solitude for discovering a more meaningful and vital existence. For example, in religious contexts, some saints preferred silence and found immense pleasure in their perceived uniformity with God.
So, Solicitude is a state that can be positively modified utilizing it for prayer allowing us to “be alone with ourselves and with God, to put ourselves in listening to his will, but also of what moves in our hearts, let purify our relationships; solicitude and silence thus become spaces inhabited by God, and ability to recover ourselves and grow in humanity.”
Buddha and Solicitude:
The Buddha attained enlightenment through uses of meditation, deprived of sensory input, bodily necessities, and external desires, including social interaction. The context of solitude is attainment of pleasure from within, but this does not necessitate complete detachment from the external world.
Solitude and the Sea,
This is well demonstrated in the writings of Edward Abbey with particular regard to Solitaire where solicitude focused only on isolation from other people allows for a more complete connection to the external world.
As in the absence of human interaction the natural world itself takes on the role of the companion. In this context, the individual seeking solitude does so not strictly for personal gain or introspection, though this is often an unavoidable outcome, but instead in an attempt to gain an understanding of the natural world as entirely removed from the human perspective as possible, a state of mind much more readily attained in the complete absence of outside human presence.
In psychology, introverted individuals may require spending time away from people to recharge. Those who are simply socially apathetic might find it a pleasurable environment in which to occupy oneself with solitary tasks.
Isolation in the form of solitary confinement is a punishment or precaution used in many countries throughout the world for prisoners accused of serious crimes, those who may be at risk in the prison population, those who may commit suicide, or those unable to participate in the prison population due to sickness or injury. Research has found that solitary confinement does not deter inmates from committing further violence in prison.
Phychiatric institutions may institute full or partial isolation for certain patients, particularly the violent or subversive, in order to address their particular needs and to protect the rest of the recovering population from their influence.
Some portion of this essay has taken from wiki.
May Day is known as la Fête du Travail (Workers’ Day) in France and celebrated with a public holiday. It has become an occasion to be seen to campaign for workers’ rights and social justice but the date also carries a much older tradition here; it is also la Fête du Muguet, when sprigs of muguet or Lily of the Valley are presented to loved ones.
With roots in the ancient practice of heralding new-growth after the end of winter, the custom is said to originate from May 1560 when King Charles IX was given a bouquet of Lily of the Valley as a token of good luck. Not known for his sensitive side, the young King was so charmed by this gesture that, on the following first of May, he presented a sprig of this flower to all the ladies at his court. The tradition is still observed…
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Today, we observe as a very sacred and holy day as Bhagavan Buddha came to this world and also attained salvation or Buddhattwa in this very day. That’s why, it is called as Buddha Purnima. Siddhartha Gautam was born around BC 563. His father, Suddhodan was a king of Shakkya.
While Maya Devi, mother of Siddhrtha, was going to her parents home, during this time on the way at Lumbini near to Kapilbastu she gave birth to Siddhartha . Maya Devi died one week after giving birth. Siddhartha brought up in his maternal aunt, Gautomi.
We know about how did Siddhartha transformed into Buddha and took renunciation. On this auspicious day, we might remember him when we are going through pandemic situations. It’s very important to follow the instructions of Buddha which he gave for the future generations.
Beside those precepts, there are other virtues in Buddhism. These virtues or qualities are
considered as crucial for the path to better rebirths or enlightenment.
These are presenting or
liberality (dāna-śῑla; sharing without clinging) and the four unlimited virtues (Brahmavihāras) of
maître or benevolence, karuņā or compassion, mūditā or sympathetic joy.
Values exist in both the Theravādin Buddhism and Mahāyāna Buddhism and five
offences are judged especially grave. They prohibit killing one‘s mother, father an Arhat, a
Buddha, or harming the community of monks.
In addition to the virtues of compassionate
equanimity, therefore, one begins to discern a more concretely expressed Buddhistic ethos of
non-injury (ahiṁsa). In humanistic terms and at a glance, therefore, common Buddhist morality
does not seen to offer moral precepts, virtues or value emphasis inferior to other religious and
The four Noble Truths:
The last factor in the fourfold Noble Truth, which concern the means for attaining
enlightenment is the practice of the eightfold path which involves qualities of correct seeing, and
entails correct doing.
i) Faith (samyag
Virtues like liberality (giving dāna) and four unlimited virtues i.e. brahmavihāras of
Value emphasis such as caste equality; and lastly
The fourth Noble Truth i.e. means for attaining enlightment.
God is everywhere from Braahma to tiny insect:
In Buddhism, not only man, even the neglected animals also get a
prestigious position. It is reflected in the Jātaka tales where Buddha took birth again and again in
the form of deer, peacock, cow etc. and with the virtue of ten commandants or divine rules (i.e.
Dāna, Śῑla, Karma, Niskarma, Prajña, Virya, Satya, Adhisthāna, Maitrῑ, Upekṣa), he liberated
The Theravādins believed that the five precepts were externally binding on everyone. But
only the saint could really observe them.
The other five precepts are covetousness, slander, wrong views, hatred or insult, and idle
talking. All those groups of Śῑlas are called Dasa-śῑla (ten precepts) from humanist, social and
activist viewpoints all of these norms may seem self-centred or negative unless they are rectified.
Buddhang Sharonang Gacchami “
Dr Sushil Rudra
Gurudev Rabindranath is one of the prolific and versatile author and poet not only in Asia, but throughout the world too. We call him as ” Viswakabi “or World-Poet. He was a lover of nature and humanity. So he was a great humanist.
Rabindranath Thakur had a strong and beautiful physique. He brought up in an aristocratic and well-to-do family of Jorasanko. He was not interested in traditional education. He attended very less time in school than to study in home.
Kadambaridevi, his sister- in- law, (wife of his elder brother, Jotirindranath Thakur who was also a great artist,) was a companion to Tagore in his boyhood. She was 2/3 years older than Rabindranath. He loved to stay in the natural surroundings. What he gathered from the nature, dipicted all these feelings in poetry.
Today I will discuss here about his personal life and his first love to a lady in his youth. Probably it was his first love as a girl friend who was not a Bengali. She was a Maharastrian. We know that the poet last love was with a foreign lady, Victoria Occumpo.
Like common people, the genius of this world has had love affairs. And Rabindranath was not aloof from it. During his long tenure as a fabulous writer and activists, he came close to various women. He lost his wife, Mrinalini in immature time when he was only middle of fortys. So he was alone.
However, some others great geniuses of the World were also addicted to love. Although it is their personal matter, but its repurcation has been shadowed in their creativities.
Love is not exclusively for common people, it’s also a inner characteristics of human beings. Hence, we see that many great geniuses are involved in romantic love affair. So it’s not a matter of wonder if any great man be involved in love affair. There are so many such love story in the history of mankind.
Mapassan, the great short story writer of the world, or Flabeyer who became famous writing ” Mother Boverie” – they have the same story of love affair like Rabindranath. ‘Mai’, the mother of Mopanssa, was the lover of Flabeyer.
On the other side, Moppanssa, the disciple of Flabeyer, used to spend day after day in red light area.
Balzac, one of the eminent writer and novelist, used to change lady lovers like dress changing. Even these ladies were married. In this regard, he was a Bohemian, never contented in a fixed lady.
Another world distinguished man, Russo who had been attracted by the beautiful ladies and used to spend time with them. His writing ” Social Contract” became famous and he got worldwide fame.
But his life was somewhat strange and restless. He lived with a lady like a husband-wife under the roof of a home who was a daughter of his maid Servent. And they had four children.
All that great men involved with their lovers before and after they got familiar. Tagore’s love life was not like them. He was not Bohemian like them. His first love was with Anna to whom he named “Nalini” being requested by her.
Devendranath Tagore, father of Rabindrabath was thoughtful about his younger son’s education. His second son, Satendranath was then an IAS officer ( first ICS in India) and working as a Magistrate in Ammedabad. Being learnt about his brother’s education, he advised to send him in England to study Barrister. Devendranath agreed. So the preparation started and Satendranath brought Rabindranath to his service place where he stayed in a old Palace to teach him modern culture and English speaking.
After a few days, Satendranath
sent him to his friend’s house in Bombay( Now Mumbai). His friend, Dr. Pandurangak Turkhad was a modern man who introduced Parthana Samaj. It was like Brahma Samaj. Both were refined sect of Hindu religion. Like Devendranath, he was also a reformist of Maharashtrian society. Here young Rabindranath came near to his first lover, Annapurna or Anna. Tagore was so impressed with her love that he couldn’t forget her. He wrote a poem by imagining her love.
“Oh! Nalini open your eyes
Is sleep still to abandon its ply
See standing at your door
The rising sun’s first score
Hearing my morning song
See all around the shroud of sleep has gone.”
—the English translation of an excerpt from Tagore’s poem Probhati.
Fondly referred to as “Gurudev” or “Viswakabi” or ‘Kobiguru’, poet laureate and versatile genius Rabindranath Tagore lives on through his timeless literary work. But for many, his enduring legacy is nowhere better expressed than in his original songs and poems, of which there are over 2500 and over 4000 respectively.
His songs can melting down our hearts. Sung in living rooms, during festivals, and at the turn of every season, Rabindra Sangeet’s rich repertoire includes some outstanding odes to love. Anna ( Nalini) told the poet, ” Oh dear Poet, I can survive from the death bed to listen your song if it is sung that moment.
Let’s take an example of his song . “Bhaalobese sokhi, nibhrite jatane Amar naamti rekho tomar moner mondire” — “Do inscribe my name, my darling, with utmost care and affection, in the temple of your soul.”
So it’s not very surprising that the Bengali icon is often also called the ‘poet of romance’. However, few know the story of Tagore’s love for Annapurna Turkhad of Bombay. As a 17-year-old, the future Nobel laureate had fallen in love with the young Marathi girl he would go on to immortalise in many of his poems.
Interestingly, this little-known romance has been picturized in Hindi by Priyanka Chopra production.
We have told before how and when poet came close to Anna, his first woman he loved.
She was known as Anna or Annabai, or Annapurna. Belonging to a highly educated family, and being educated in Europe, she was very modern.
As such, her father’s circle of friends were included reformists and eminent citizens from across the country.
Hoping that his younger brother’s English would improve if he stayed with the anglicised Turkhund family, Satyendranath convinced 17-year-old Tagore to stay with the Turkhud family prior to his first voyage to Britain in 1878 (where he was going to pursue further studies). I think it was to pursue Baristrary.
So, for two months in mid-1878, a teenaged Tagore lived at Atmaram’s household, taking lessons in spoken English from Anna. About three years elder to Rabindranath, Annapurna had just returned from England and was comfortably conversant with the English language.
It is believed that a mutual attraction developed between the two during these days, a platonic relationship that has been vividly described by Krishna Kripalani in his book Tagore—A Life.
According to this book, as affection bloomed between them, Tagore gave Anna the nickname ‘Nalini’ and wrote several poems inspired by her. However, the youthful love did not transform into a future together, with destiny willing otherwise.
Also read: Rabindranath Tagore in depression
After his two-month stay in Bombay ended, Tagore bid adieu to Anna and departed for England on a ship. Two years later, Annapurna married Harold Littledale, the Scottish vice-principal of Baroda High School and College. Subsequently, the couple left India for England and settled in Edinburgh. It was here that Annapurna died in relative obscurity in 1891 at the young age of 33.
Interestingly, evidence suggests that a marriage between Tagore and Annapurna was considered by Atmaram, but was rejected by Debendranath (Tagore’s father) due to his son’s young age and Annapurna’s being older than his son.
According to the book The Myriad Minded Man (written by Krishna Dutta and W. Andrew Robinson), Atmaram and Annapurna travelled to Calcutta in early 1879, where they paid a visit to Debendranath at Jorasanko Thakur Bari, the family residence of the Tagores.
What passed between them remains shrouded in mystery, but the authors believe that it is highly likely that it was then that the match was mooted and rejected.
However, the fact that Annapurna continued to use ‘Nalini’ as her literary moniker and named one of her nephews as Rabindranath shows that it was not just a momentary flirtation for the two. Tagore too continued to write both poetry and prose where the name Nalini is taken in the most endearing of manners.
In fact, Tagore never forgot about Annapurna and would often reminisce about her in his old age. Recalling that ‘Nalini’ had once asked him never to let a beard hide the outline of his face, the Nobel laureate remarked at the age of 80,
“Everyone knows that I have not followed that advice. But she herself did not live to see my disobedience proclaimed upon my face.”
Breathing practices should be able to get free from any kind of ailments of body and mind. If you control and regular your breathing, it’s proved that 80 per cent of disease can not attack you severely. For those who have been suffering from hypertension, if they sincerely practice some breathing pranayama, it’s sure they could be able to escape from this disease. I will let you know how to practice and when to practice this pranayama. Only breathing practice can heal you from hypertension.
What is Hypertension?
Hypertension is also known as high blood pressure. Generally in a normal and healthy person, the blood pressure remains 120 systolic and 80 diastolic. But when there are abnormalities in the arteries or in the circulatory system, the systolic pressure rises very high and at times, diastolic also rises.
The rise in the pressure is caused due to the narrowness in the arteries, the heart has to work harder for pushing the blood through them and as a result of which there is high blood pressure, and in medical terms this is called ‘hypertension’.
Symptoms of Hypertension:
Though it’s normal for the blood pressure to rise high during excitement and at certain emotional moments, but it goes down shortly. Such rises do not cause any harmful effects. But when blood pressure continues to remain excessively high it causes various disorders, such as, lack of strength, tiredness, headache, and at times, difficulty in breathing, bad temper, visionary troubles, and coldness in the hands and feet.
Besides, fatigue, dizziness, nausea, vision problems, chest pain, irregular heartbeat and blood in the urine all are symptoms of hypertension. However, many cases of high blood pressure are asymptomatic, which is why periodic blood pressure screening are recommended.
Causes If Hypertension:
The most common causes of hypertension include smoking, obesity or being overweight, diabetes, having a sedentary lifestyle, lack of physical activity, high salt consumption, too much alcohol intake, insufficient consumption of calcium, potassium or magnesium, a deficiency in vitamin D, stress, aging, chronic kidney disease and adrenal and thyroid conditions or tumors. Some individual may also be genetically predisposed to hypertension.
The Best Way to Prevent Hypertension:
The best way to get rid of the disease is to eat healthy and get exercise. Reduction of stress, anxiety, healthy lifestyle, avoid smoking, less salt and alcohol intake are also helpful ways to prevent hypertension.
But regular yoga practice is the most effective way to be kept away from hypertension. In the first phase, only Shava Asana needs to be practised twice or thrice daily. Only Shava Asana can cure you of hypertension. Proper practise of this Asana for two to three weeks brings a remarkable good effect on the patient of heart ailments and of hypertension. It corrects the disorders of the circulatory system by relaxing the nerves and internal organs. Because of normalizing and relaxing effects on the arteries, hypertension is reduced and gradually it comes in a normal position.