SAROJINI NAIDU, THE NIGHTINGALE OF INDIA
Sarojini Naidu (13.02.1879 to 02.03.1949) was an Indian political activist and poet . We convey our regards to her birthday anniversary who was once a proponent of civil rights, a freedom fighter in India’s struggle for independence from colonial rule. On her birth anniversary, let us have a look at interesting facts about Sarojini Nsidu’s life and works . Mahatma Gandhi named her as The Nightingale of India. She joined the Indian national movement in the wake of partition of Bengal in 1905 . During 1915 -1918 , she travelled to different regions in India delivering lectures on social welfare, women’s empowerment and nationalism. Become the president of the Indian National Congress in 1925 .
Sarojini born as Sarajini Chattapadhay on February 13,1879 in Hyderabad. She was a child prodigy. Her father Aghore Nath Chattapadhay was a scientist who founded Nizam College in Hyderabad. Her mother Barada Sundari was one of the famous Bengali poets.
Sarojini was a great poet . He wrote in English . Her anthology of poems is treasure of English literature. Her literary works gain popularity all over the world.
Sarojini Naidu went to London for further studies at an early age. She became the first women Governor of India. In childhood she wrote a play ‘Maher Munir ‘ and due to it she earned a scholarship and went abroad for further studies.
Sarojini was a distinguished poet and one of the renowned orators of her time. She was famous as Bharatiya Kokila (The Nightingale of India). Sarojini Naidu was the first Indian woman to become the President of the Indian National Congress and the first woman to become the Governor of a state of India.
Sarojini was a brilliant student. She was proficient in Urdu,Telegu, English, Bengali and Persian. At the age of twelve, she attained national fame when she topped the matriculation examination at Madras University. Her father wanted her to become a mathematician or scientist, but Sarojini Naidu was interested in poetry. She started writing poem in English. Impressed by her poetry , Nizam of Hyderabad, gave her scholarship to study abroad. At the age of 16, she travelled to England to study first at King’s College London and later at Girton College, Cambridge. There she met famous laureates of her time such as Arthur Simon and Edmond Gausse . Gausse convinced Sarojini to stick to Indian themes- India’s great mountains, rivers, temples, social milieu, to express her poetry. She depicted contemporary Indian life and events. Sarojini’s poetry collections “The Golden Threshold (1905)”, “The bird of time (1912)”, and “The broken wing (1912)” attracted worldwide readers .
Sarojini came into contact with Rabindranath Tagore, Annie Besant,Gopal Krishna Gokhale, Jawaharlal Nehru. She played a leading role during the Civil Disobedience Movement and was jailed along with Gandhi. In 1942, Sarojini Naidu was arrested during the Quit India movement and jailed for 21 months with Gandhi. # I am indebted to Wikipedia.